Week 10 - Middle Ages to Reformation

Ecumenical Councils

Barbarian Kingdoms

Vandals

Huns

Visigoths
   Isidore of Seville - Etymologies

Franks

Ireland

Ostrogoths
   Boethius - On the Consolation of Philosophy

Lombards

Norsemen

Magyars

 

Rulers

 

Justinian / Theodora / Belisarius

 

Charlemagne

 

 

Monasticism

 

Benedict

 

Cluny

 

Citeaux/Cistercian

 

Mendicants

Peter Waldo

Francis

Dominic

 

Papacy

 

Leo “Great”

Gregory

Nicolas I – False Decretes

 

Arab Conquests

 

 

Eastern Christianity

Antiochene

Nestorius: two natures and two persons, one divine and one human

 

Alexandrine

Cyril

 

Second Ecumenical Council of Ephesus – 431

 

Eutyches: of one substance with the Father; not one substance with us / from two natures

                                    before the union; but in one nature after the union

 

Council of Ephesus – 449 (“robber’s synod”)

 

Fourth Ecumenical Council of Chalcedon – 451

definition of faith

 

Fifth Ecumenical Council of Constantinople – 553

controversy of the Three Chapters

Sergius – monothelism (two natures but one will)

 

Icons

iconoclasts

iconodules

 

Armenia

 

Ethiopia

 

Eastern Orthodox

 

schism of Photius

filoque

 

predestination

 

Christ in communion

 

 

Henry V/Paschal – civil/ecclesiastical

 

Concordant of Worms