Late Middle Ages

Crusades

 

Gothic
Abbot Suger

architecture
   pointed arch
   ribbed vaulting
   flying buttresses
   stained glass
   nave arcade
   triforium
   clerestory
windows

sculpture

music
organum
   parallel
   duplum
polyphony

theater
mystery plays

miracle plays

morality plays

three things in common:
1) vernacular
2) spectacular staging
3) religious message

education
universities
   Paris
   Oxford
   Cambridge
   Bologna

trivium
  
grammar
   logic
   dialectic

quadrivium
   arithmetic
   geometry
   music
   astronomy

Thomas Aquinas

Courtly love

music (late)
Ars nova
Guillaume de Machaut

motet

literature

Dante Alighieri- Divine Comedy

Geoffrey Chaucer - Canterbury Tales

leading up to the Renaissance

Francis Petrarch
   humanism
   sonnet

Christine de Pisan

Cimabue

Giotto
   Arena Chapel
   Scrovegni