16th-18th Century World Cultures
Week Thirteen (Chapter 27)

The Enlightenment

"great chain of being"

roots
   social

   religious

Deism

John Locke
   The Reasonableness of Christianity
   An Essay on Toleration
   An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
   Two Treatises of Government

"progress"

Philosophes

Voltaire
   Philosophical Letters on the English Nation
   Elements of the Philosophy of Newton
   Philosophical Dictionary
   Candide
   Essay on Custom

Society

Jean-Jacques Rousseau
   Discourse on the Origin of Inequality
   The Social Contract

Baron de Montesquieu - The Spirit of the Laws

Abbe Morelly - Code of Nature

Bernard de Mandeville - Fable of the Bees

Adam Smith - The Wealth of Nations

salons - Madame du Deffand and Madame Geoffrin

Denis Diderot
   Encyclopedia

Enlightened Despots
Catherine the Great

Frederick the Great

Joseph II

Counter-Enlightenment

Rousseau
   The New Heloise
   Emile

Revival of religion

Pietism
John Wesley

Immanuel Kant

Jews in Europe
Ashkenazim
Sephardim
   Samuel Oppenheimer
Haskalah
Hasidism
Reform
Orthodox
Conservative

Abolitionist Movements

Women
Mary Wollstonecraft

Arts

Music
Vienna
Haydn
Mozart
Beethoven
Schubert