16th-18th Century World Cultures
Week Three (Chapter 17)

Late Medieval (Catholic) Church

papal response to problems
lay piety - religious clubs /organizations for lay people
institutional decay

quality of clergy

training of clergy

ecclesiastical finances

Christian humanists

Johann Reuchlin vs. Johann Pfefferkorn - Hutton & Rudeanus (Letters of Obscure Men)

Erasmus
Praise of Folly
Education of a Christian Prince

John Colet

Sir Thomas More (Utopia)

German Reformation

Martin Luther
95 Theses
Address to the Christian Nobility of the German Nation
On the Babylonian Captivity
The Liberty of the Christian Man

authority
salvation
indulgences
sacraments
priesthood
prayers to saint, veneration of relics, pilgrimages
characteristics
Against the Rapacious and Murdering Peasants

Peace of Augsburg

Reformed (Switzerland)
characteristics

Ulrich Zwingli (Zurich)

John Calvin (Geneva)
Institutes of the Christian Religion

predestination

Radical Reformation

Anabaptists
Conrad Grebel
characteristics

spiritualists
Thomas Muntzer
Sebastian Franck

rationalists
Michael Servetus
Lelio and Faustus Sozzini - Socinians
Sebastian Castellio - Heretics and Whether They Should Be Punished...

English Reformation
William Tyndale
Henry VIII

 

Thomas Cromwell
Thomas Cranmer
Act of Supremacy
Six Articles of 1539
Miles Cloverdale

Edward VI / Edward Seymour of Somerset - John Dudley

Mary
John Foxe
Geneva Bible
John Knox - The First Blast of the Trumpet...

Elizabeth I - 39 Articles

 

Catholic Counter-Reformation
new organizations
Angela Merici - Ursulines

Ignatius of Loyola - Jesuits
persuade rulers
keep masses loyal
improve education
dispatch missionaries

Council of Trent / Inquisition

Jews

witch hunts

cultural impact